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NOTE: Since 2009 the title of the International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (IJEE) has been changed to the title above.  ISSN numbers: IJEE 1649-2269 and IRE 2009-2822

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From own-account worker to job creator

IRE Vol 8: Issue 4, 2010, Pages 277-302

Author(s): Emilio Congregado, José María Millán and Concepción Román (Department of Economics, University of Huelva, Spain)

Abstract:
This study aims to increase our understanding of the contribution of the self-employed to the job creation process by investigating the individual decision of hiring employees. Our framework considers the individual decision of becoming self-employed with employees from own account self-employment, while other labour options such as paid employment, unemployment or inactivity are also considered. To this end, we apply multinomial logit models to data from the European Community Household Panel for the EU-15. The results suggest that informal processes for the acquisition of human capital (i.e., previous experience in the labour market or intergenerational transfers) present stronger effects on the decision of hiring employees than do the processes associated with formal education. In addition, we find that business earnings and economic growth have a strong positive effect on the likelihood of recruiting personnel, which supports the prosperity-pull argument. Finally, we also detect international divergences in this decision, which suggest the presence of specific regional factors at the institutional and/or cultural levels.

JEL CLASSIFICATION: J23, J24, J38, L26.

Keywords: entrepreneurship, own-account workers, employers, job creation, occupational choice, Europe

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