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NOTE: Since 2009 the title of the International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (IJEE) has been changed to the title above.  ISSN numbers: IJEE 1649-2269 and IRE 2009-2822

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Article #1504 - Female Solo Self-Employment - Features of Gendered Entrepreneurship

IRE Vol 13: Issue 1, 2015 (Published 30th March)

Author(s): Dieter Bögenhold & Andrea Klinglmair (Alpen-Adria-University Klagenfurt, Austria)

Abstract:
This paper focuses on the features of female entrepreneurship; mainly the solo self-employed. Based on a brief review of the existing literature we identify some major lines of argumentation, which treat female self-employment in the context of its determinants. The further discussion turns to the investigation of data from official statistics. In particular, cross-country comparisons of the development of female self-employment within the global framework of the labour market highlight major aspects and divergencies of female self-employment ratios. In the next step, the argumentation introduces the results of an own empirical survey of micro-entrepreneurs in the federal state of Carinthia (Austria), where we discuss findings based on the gender aspect. The results indicate that women run smaller companies, are largely part-time self-employed, represent the vast majority in solo self-employment, earn less and have shorter times of involvement. In contrast, well-being and happiness are likely to be higher in firms and economic activities run by women.

Keywords: entrepreneurship, female entrepreneur, self-employment, solo self-employment, gender

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