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NOTE: Since 2009 the title of the International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (IJEE) has been changed to the title above.  ISSN numbers: IJEE 1649-2269 and IRE 2009-2822

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#1546 - Bank Loan Application Success of Innovative and Non-Innovative SMEs

IRE Vol 14: Issue 4, 2016 (Published December 31st)

Author(s): Peter van der Zwan (Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands)

Abstract:
The investigation of the determinants of access to finance is relevant because restricted loan accessibility could hinder firm growth. This paper focuses on small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and whether their requested loan is granted by the bank. Financial data for SMEs in 29 European countries are used (four waves of the Survey on the Access to Finance of Enterprises during 2009−2014) to test the relationship between innovative behavior and loan application success. The contribution of the present study is that a distinction is made between product, process, and organizational innovation. Also, cross-national evidence on the link between innovation and loan turndown is provided while existing studies usually focus on a single country. The results indicate that SMEs that adopt innovations are less likely to receive the requested loan than SMEs that do not adopt innovations, and this holds for all three types of innovation. Additional analyses reveal the robustness of the results across various firm age and firm size categories, and the majority of countries.

Keywords: credit constraints, SMEs, process innovation, product innovation, organizational innovation

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