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NOTE: Since 2009 the title of the International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (IJEE) has been changed to the title above.  ISSN numbers: IJEE 1649-2269 and IRE 2009-2822

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#1568 - Exploring the Relationship between Micro-Enterprises and Regional Development: Evidence from Tunisia

IRE Vol 15: Issue 4, 2017 (publishing by 31/12/17)

Author(s): Faten Gazzah (University of Caen, France, and University of Sousse, Tunisia), Jean Bonnet (University of Caen, France) and Sana El Harbi (University of Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)

Abstract:
We investigate the relationship between the presence of micro-enterprises and regional development, as measured by a validated index of regional development, at the level of Tunisian delegations (small-scaled regions). Applying spatial measures and spatial econometric techniques on a data set of 262 delegations, our results show that in disadvantaged areas, a higher micro-enterprise presence is positively related to regional development. However, in relatively higher developed areas of Tunisia, micro-enterprises appear to play only a marginal role in regional development. Our results emphasise the importance of attracting large, capital-intensive firms in efficiency-driven economies like Tunisia. Nevertheless, although not quite a replacement for large firms, our results also show the important and positive role that micro-enterprises can play in regions where large, capital-intensive firms are absent.

THIS PAPER WILL BE ON-LINE BY DECEMBER 31st