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NOTE: Since 2009 the title of the International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (IJEE) has been changed to the title above.  ISSN numbers: IJEE 1649-2269 and IRE 2009-2822

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ISSN Number: 2009-2822. Frequency: 4 Issues + 1 Hard Copy per year 

Article #1627 - A Comparative Perspective of the Innovation Systems in Europe

IRE Vol 18: Issue 2, 2020 (publishing soon)

Author(s): Katerina Toshevska-Trpchevska and Elena Makrevska-Disoska (Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Macedonia), Viktor Stojkoski (Macedonian Academy of Science and Arts, Skopje, Macedonia) and Dragan Tevdovski (Ss Cyril and Methodius University)

Abstract:
This paper provides empirical evidence on the innovation performance in European countries in the period 2012-2014 based on a micro level analysis. We provide a comparative perspective among three different institutional settings in Europe: Central and Eastern European countries (CEE), Southern European countries and Northern European countries. We estimate the CDM model of simultaneous equations while using data from the Eurostat Community Innovation Survey 2014 (CIS2014). This model directly links R&D engagement and intensity to innovation outcomes measured either as process or as product innovation and then estimates the effectiveness of the innovative efforts leading to productivity gains. Although public sector support, characteristics of the public-private links, structural and institutional characteristics of the national innovation systems differ among the three institutional settings, there are also similarities, such as a positive link between innovation activity and labor productivity among larger companies. Our analysis also shows that there are similarities among CEE and Southern European countries regarding the (in)effectiveness of their innovation systems.