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NOTE: Since 2009 the title of the International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (IJEE) has been changed to the title above.  ISSN numbers: IJEE 1649-2269 and IRE 2009-2822

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ISSN Number: 2009-2822. Frequency: 4 Issues per year (online only)  

The Influence of ‘Outsiders’ on Innovative Behavior by Medium-Sized Firms

IRE Vol 9: Issue 2, 2011, Pages 113-130

Author(s): Els Kleijn, Enno Masurel (VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands) and Kees van Montfort, (VU University Amsterdam, and Nyenrode Business University, The Netherlands)

In this paper attention is paid to the influence that ‘outsiders’ exert on the innovative behavior by medium-sized firms. We see ‘outsiders’ as people who are independently involved in the firm. From our empirical research it appeared that, in comparison with firms which do not employ ‘outsiders’, firms which do work with ‘outsiders’ invest more often in new products and services. Both the presence as such and the intensity of the presence of the ‘outsiders’ are important for this innovative behavior. Therefore, our conclusion is that the influence of ‘outsiders’ can inspire the entrepreneur to undertake innovative behavior and prevent the entrepreneur from being too preoccupied with his daily business.

Keywords: innovation, entrepreneurship, ‘outsiders’, medium-sized firms

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