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NOTE: Since 2009 the title of the International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (IJEE) has been changed to the title above.  ISSN numbers: IJEE 1649-2269 and IRE 2009-2822

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ISSN Number: 2009-2822. Frequency: 4 Issues per year (online only)  

Dispositional Optimism and Entrepreneurial Intent: An Exploratory Cross-Cultural Investigation

IRE Vol 10, Issue 3: 2012 , Pages 115-126

Author(s): Frederick G. Crane (Northeastern University, USA), Robert Blunden (Dalhousie University, USA) and Marc H. Meyer (Northeastern University, USA)

This study examined the dispositional optimism and entrepreneurial intent of undergraduate American and Canadian entrepreneurship students. It was found that American entrepreneurship students had lower levels of dispositional optimism (one’s positive expectation for the future), a defining characteristic of successful entrepreneurs, when compared to Canadian entrepreneurship students. Moreover, American entrepreneurship students had less entrepreneurial intent (intent to start a new venture) compared to Canadian entrepreneurship students. These results are surprising given past research that suggests Americans are generally more optimistic than Canadians and are more likely than Canadians to pursue entrepreneurship. This paper discusses these findings and their implications.

Keywords: American entrepreneurship, Canadian entrepreneurship, dispositional optimism, entrepreneurial intent, cross-cultural analysis

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