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NOTE: Since 2009 the title of the International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (IJEE) has been changed to the title above.  ISSN numbers: IJEE 1649-2269 and IRE 2009-2822

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ISSN Number: 2009-2822. Frequency: 4 Issues per year (online only)  

Article #1506 - The Economic Value of Different Types of Solo Self-Employed: A Review

IRE Vol 13: Issue 2, 2015 , Pages 73-80

Author(s): André van Stel (Trinity College Dublin, Ireland and Kozminski University, Warsaw, Poland) and Nardo de Vries (Maastricht University, The Netherlands)

We review the literature on solo self-employment focusing on prevalence, characteristics and economic contributions. Besides providing explanations for the upward trend in solo self-employment observed in many Western economies, we shed light on the heterogeneity within the population of solo self-employed with respect to demographic characteristics and start-up motives. Moreover, we review the literature on the contributions of the solo self-employed to economic value creation, including income, innovativeness, and ambitions.

Keywords: solo self-employed, value creation, review

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