Senate Hall Academic Publishing

Click HERE for a sample entrepreneurship paper

NOTE: Since 2009 the title of the International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (IJEE) has been changed to the title above.  ISSN numbers: IJEE 1649-2269 and IRE 2009-2822

Publications & Abstracts below

In the ABS journals rankings published by the Chartered Association of Business Schools and also listed by Cabells, EBSCO, ARC, Cranfield, and Thomson-Reuters’ Web of Science ESCI citations index

ISSN Number: 2009-2822. Frequency: 4 Issues per year (online only)  

Article #1507 - Independent Professionals: Legal Issues and Challenges

IRE Vol 13: Issue 2, 2015 , Pages 81-92

Author(s): Patricia Leighton (IPAG Business School, France and University of South Wales, UK)

Although Independent Professionals (IPros) have until recently been generally neglected by the academic community, including by specialists in both management and entrepreneurism, IPros cannot avoid being subject to key areas of regulation. This sometimes impacts upon them in a complex, controversial and unfair way. The regulatory framework contains key areas of fiscal policy, especially personal taxation, unfortunately often dominated by allegations of ‘sham’ relationships, the law relating to business associations, employment law and social protections. Some IPros are also subject to regulation by professional bodies. Virtually all of these areas of regulation present challenges, not least as IPros are hard to define and are not unambiguously a part of the business community or the labour market

Keywords: Independent Professionals (IPROS), definition, regulation

Purchase this Article

To purchase this article click the Add To Order button below. The paper will be delivered electronically as a watermarked PDF file with a licence to make the number of copies ordered. Delivery of the article to your email address will normally be within 24 hours of placing the order online. If you would prefer to post or fax your order then please CLICK HERE for a printable order form. If you experience any difficulties please email us at:

If you wish to take out a yearly subscription to this journal CLICK HERE for prices and to order

Paper Pricing
USA and Rest of World
US Dollars($)
Euros (€)
Great Britain
Sterling (£)
Article Price