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NOTE: Since 2009 the title of the International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (IJEE) has been changed to the title above.  ISSN numbers: IJEE 1649-2269 and IRE 2009-2822

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ISSN Number: 2009-2822. Frequency: 4 Issues per year (online only)  

Article #1535 - Indicators of Start-Ups’ Adoption of Blue Ocean Strategy: Empirical Evidence for the Danube Region

IRE Vol 14: Issue 3, 2016 (Published September 16th)

Author(s): Karin Širec and Dijana Močnik (University of Maribor, Maribor, Slovenia)

We empirically explore the differences between early stage entrepreneurs from the Danube Region who enter markets with high competition (red oceans) or low competition (blue oceans) in terms of their aspirations for innovation, internationalisation and job growth expectations. The data are derived from the 2013 Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Adult Population Survey. We build a binary logistic regression model assuming that the criterion variable—perceived level of competition—is a linear combination of four predictors (product innovation, process innovation, export intensity, and job growth expectation) and five control variables (age, educational level, gender, knowledge, skills and experiences, and country). The findings show that early stage entrepreneurs who innovate, are internationally oriented and aspire to create new jobs are overrepresented in markets with limited competition (blue oceans). We also find that gender, age, educational level, and knowledge, skills and experiences are no significant indicators of an early stage entrepreneur’s decision to enter a market with low competition (versus high competition).

Keywords: Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, competitiveness level, process innovation, product innovation, international orientation, firm growth aspirations, blue ocean strategy

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