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NOTE: Since 2009 the title of the International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (IJEE) has been changed to the title above.  ISSN numbers: IJEE 1649-2269 and IRE 2009-2822

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ISSN Number: 2009-2822. Frequency: 4 Issues per year (online only)  

#1584 - Commitment or Control? HRM Practices in Female and Male-led Small Businesses

IRE Vol 16: Issue 3, 2018 , Pages 329-354

Author(s): Ingrid Verheul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands)

Employee relations in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are often determined by the owner-manager who is faced with a trade-off between maintaining control and creating a positive and stimulating work environment to enhance employee commitment. This study investigates this trade-off in companies managed by female and male entrepreneurs. To test for gender differences use is made of a sample of 555 SMEs (with less than 100 employees) in the Netherlands. Contrary to what is generally believed, it is found that employee relations in female-led firms are more control-oriented than those in male-led firms. More specifically, female-led firms are more likely to be characterized by centralized decision-making and direct supervision of the production process.

Keywords: gender, entrepreneurship, human resource management, commitment, control

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