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NOTE: Since 2009 the title of the International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (IJEE) has been changed to the title above.  ISSN numbers: IJEE 1649-2269 and IRE 2009-2822

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ISSN Number: 2009-2822. Frequency: 4 Issues per year (online only)  

Article #1592 - Psychological Needs, Goal Orientations and the Cultural Preferences of Individuals with Start-up Aspirations

IRE Vol 16: Issue 4, 2018 , Pages 565-586

Author(s): Simon Taggar and Michael Kay (Wilfrid Laurier University, Lazaridis School of Business and Economics, Ontario, Canada)

The present study examined individuals with start-up aspirations. The study objective was to test relationships between basic psychological needs and achievement goal orientation(s). The second objective was to test relationships between goal orientation(s) and preferred organizational culture. Our theoretical argument is that preferred culture is influenced by perceived person-environment fit. Preferred culture can therefore be partly understood by peoplesí motives and goals. That is, people choosing self-employed will prefer an environment that fits their goal orientation and not everyone has the same goal orientation. Our findings suggest that basic psychological needs lead people to prefer certain organizational cultures. Goal orientations were mid-level mechanisms that mediated between psychological needs and business start-up preferences. We make recommendations based on understanding and changing goal orientations.

Keywords: goal orientations, cultural preferences, self-employment aspirations

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