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NOTE: Since 2009 the title of the International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (IJEE) has been changed to the title above.  ISSN numbers: IJEE 1649-2269 and IRE 2009-2822

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ISSN Number: 2009-2822. Frequency: 4 Issues per year (online only)  

Article #1608 - Segmentation of the Population of the Solo Self-employed

IRE Vol 17: Issue 3, 2019, Pages 281-304

Author(s): Jerzy Cieslik (Center for Entrepreneurship, Kozminski University, Warsaw, Poland) and Ondrej Dvouletý (Department of Entrepreneurship, University of Economics, Prague, Czech Republic)

The solo self-employed, i.e. those entrepreneurs operating without employees, are a very
diverse group of individuals: from artisans, shopkeepers, independent contractors, artists,
entertainers, to highly-skilled professionals. They are represented in all sectors of the economy and
public life. Due to the observed heterogeneity, it is difficult to conduct meaningful research as well
as implement effective government policies; there is a need to standardise the classification and
typology of solo-self-employment. We undertake a comparative analysis of recent attempts of
segmentation of solo self-employed and demonstrate that existing initiatives are diverse and not
entirely conclusive. In this conceptually and methodologically oriented paper, we highlight the
measures and characteristics found in recent research undertakings that are used to differentiate
between various segments of self-employed. Based on that, we put forward some recommendations
for future research on the diversity of solo self-employed, highlighting the need to arrive at a unified
framework for distinguishing between different types of own-account workers.