Senate Hall Academic Publishing

Click HERE for a sample entrepreneurship paper

NOTE: Since 2009 the title of the International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (IJEE) has been changed to the title above.  ISSN numbers: IJEE 1649-2269 and IRE 2009-2822

Publications & Abstracts below

In the ABS journals rankings published by the Chartered Association of Business Schools and also listed by Cabells, EBSCO, ARC, Cranfield, and Thomson-Reuters’ Web of Science ESCI citations index

ISSN Number: 2009-2822. Frequency: 4 Issues per year (online only)  

Article #1661 - Staged Entry to Self-Employment — And After?

IRE Vol 19: Issue 4, 2021, Pages 411-436

Author(s): Lidia Kritskaya and Lars Kolvereid (Nord University Business School, Nord University, Bodø, Norway)

Some novice business owners enter directly to self-employment from paid employment. Others start as hybrid entrepreneurs by combining business ownership with salaried employment and become self-employed later, using a staged entry mode to self-employment. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the direct versus staged entry mode to self-employment and the duration of self-employment as well as the duration as hybrid entrepreneurs after the exit from self-employment. Using commitment theory, we derive hypotheses stating that staged entry to self-employment is associated with (1) shorter duration as self-employed, and (2) longer duration as hybrid entrepreneurs after the exit from self-employment. The hypotheses are tested using Propensity Score Matching. In particular, we create matched samples of self-employed incorporated entrepreneurs who used staged and direct entry to self-employment in Norway. The findings support the hypotheses. Implications for practice and research are spelled out.