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NOTE: Since 2009 the title of the International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (IJEE) has been changed to the title above.  ISSN numbers: IJEE 1649-2269 and IRE 2009-2822

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ISSN Number: 2009-2822. Frequency: 4 Issues per year (online only)  

Article #1685 - From IT Investment Opportunity to Realising Investment at Scale

IRE Vol 20: Issue 4, 2022 , Pages 477-494

Author(s): Marc Cowling (Oxford Brookes Business School, Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom), Weixi Liu (School of Management, University of Bath, United Kingdom), and Tim Vorley (Oxford Brookes Business School, Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom)

Investing in information technology allows firms to enhance their capabilities and performance and in doing so grow and create value. Yet we still lack a detailed understanding about how this process occurs. In this paper we are able to trace out the pathway from identifying an opportunity to invest in ICT, through the decision to realise an investment or not, and if it does progress at what scale. Using a large bespoke UK business survey about investment decision-making, our initial results show that 72% of firms had an ICT investment opportunity but, of those who had an opportunity, only 70% took advantage of their opportunity. Of those that did the scale of investment was between 50,000 and 100,000 on average. ICT opportunities, investments, and scale of investment were increasing in firm size but negatively related to firm age. Investment scale rose as the ability to secure equity funding increased. In this respect, smaller firms may be at a relative disadvantage in terms of their ability to take advantage of ICT opportunities and this is problematic as they are also less likely to identify opportunities per se.